201 S. Vine St.
Holden, MO 64040
816-732-4131
Hinges

The hinge required for any job depends on the design and size of the door that you want to hang. It's best to know the parts of a hinge before making your purchase. A hinge consists of the leaves, knuckles, pin, tips and bearings. The leaves are the flat components with screw holes that fasten to the door and jamb. The knuckle is the cylinder that holds the leaves to the pin. A hinge can have from two to five knuckles depending on the size of the door. The tips project from the top and bottom of the hinge to keep the pin from coming out of the knuckle. Bearings are important in heavy-duty hinges because they lubricate and reduce friction on heavy-duty knuckles.

 

Mortise hinge leaves are cut into the door and jamb so that they butt together. A full-mortise hinge is cut into both sides; a half-mortise hinge is cut into the door, the other leaf is surface-mounted.

 

The proper cabinet hinge is chosen depending on how the door is installed.

  • Doors that are flush-mounted to the cabinet can use the full-mortise hinges, full-surface hinges, concealed or ornamental hinges.
  • Lipped doors are partially recessed into the opening around the outside of the frame. In order to accommodate for the lip, you must use an inset hinge (shown). The leaf that is attached to the cabinet frame is exposed and the leaf on the door is concealed inside. Most lipped cabinet doors have a 3/8" inset, but it's always good to check before buying the hinges.
  • Doors that are completely over the frame of the cabinet are referred to as flush-overlay doors. Mount these doors with pivot hinges at the top and bottom, butt hinges or even semi-concealed hinges.
  • Doors that cover partial cabinets (usually found in front of sinks) are opened only slightly with your finger are called reverse bevel because they require a hinge that is slanted with the angle of the cabinet door.